The human jaw can develop many health complications, and one of the more complicated of them is the temporomandibular disorder (TMD).
This disorder occurs because of jaw problems which could be anything concerning the jaw joint itself, or the facial muscles that are responsible for controlling chewing and the general movement of the jaw. While this disorder can have serious impacts on the sufferers, research studies have connected it to teeth grinding, a condition also known as bruxism.
More about the disorder
The disorder affects the Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) of the jaw which is a hinge connecting the mandible, or the lower jaw, to the skull’s temporal bone that is located at both sides of the head in front of the ears. The joints are highly flexible, allowing smooth movements that in turn allow talking, yawning and chewing. It is the responsibility of the attached and surrounding muscles of the jaw-joint to regulate its position and movement.
What are the causes of TMD?
There is no certain cause of the disorder yet, but dentists have cited muscular problems of the jaw as being a possible cause. Injuries inflicted on the jaw, especially in the event of an accident, are possible causes, in addition to damage of the head and neck muscles from heavy blows.
The following are other possible causes:
- This condition also referred to as teeth grinding and clenching can be directly linked to TMD. Although there is still no concrete evidence to back the claim, bruxism is believed to induce pressure on the TMJ, resulting in the disorder. Dislocation of the disc between the socket and the ball of the jaw joint is also a possible cause.
Stress and increased tension
- Tension can be cited as a cause of the tightening of the jaw and facial muscles, which in turn cause clenching and grinding of the teeth. This will eventually lead to the TMD. Another possible cause could be the presence of rheumatoid arthritis, also known as osteoarthritis, in the temporomandibular joint.
- A feeling of tiredness in the face
- Limited mouth-opening ability
- Facial tenderness and pain around the joint, head muscles, the ears and the neck when chewing, speaking or talking
- Facial swelling
- Uncomfortable or painful biting
- Misalignment of the upper and the lower jaws
- Funny sounds from the jaws when closing and opening the mouth
Dr. Peter Hazim can professionally evaluate your TMD, and suggest the best treatment plan for the disorder.
Please call us at (972) 727-5599. We are conveniently located at 105 N. Alma Drive, Suite 100 in Allen, Texas.