The Difference between TMD and TMJ

What Is the Difference between TMD and TMJ? While those in the medical field use the two abbreviations interchangeably, they mean completely different things. The initials TMD stands for temporomandibular disorder, which is a condition that results from the misalignment of the jaw joints.  This is normally caused by arthritic conditions, jaw injuries and other possible causes. TMJ refers to a completely different thing- it means the temporomandibular joint, which is a ball and socket joint in the jaw. Causes of TMD Stress and tension- Stress causes teeth clenching, and that in turn, puts the jaw and facial muscles under pressure. Continual clenching will lead to the eventual development of TMD. Malocclusion- A dental condition associated with the misalignment of the upper and lower jaws, called malocclusion, causes imperfect fit of the upper and lower teeth. This condition can cause more than just TMD, dentists have associated it to teeth damage and gum injuries that promote the development of cavities and dental caries. Bruxism- Teeth grinding and clenching is perhaps the most common cause of TMD in most individuals. It is common in adults, and surprisingly, it develops undetected because grinding usually occurs while one is sleeping. Dentists recommend the early treatment of bruxism because if untreated during early stages, it can progress to TMD. The following are indicators of TMD According to a recent dental research, about 15 percent of Americans are affected by TMD, yet they are not aware. The symptoms could be anything from, jaw pain, discomfort when chewing, swollen face, improper alignment of the teeth and so forth. Dr. Peter Hazim has treated many TMD cases, and will gladly answer any questions you may have to develop a treatment plan for you. Please call us at (972) 727-5599. We are conveniently located at 105 N. Alma Drive, Suite 100 in Allen, Texas.

Dr. Hazim is a member of the American Dental Association and the Texas Dental Association. A graduate of Loyola University, Dr. Hazim has undergone continuing education at the Pankey Institute and has received accreditation from the Western Regional Examining Board.

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